Lesson 3: The Investment Needed

Lesson 3

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Total Budget for your Factory


Machinery price


Buying land
Media supply

Pre Financing

Ramp up


We already gave some figures for the costs of the machines in lesson 01.

Here a short repeat:

5 MW about 120.000 Dollar
30 MW about 1.000.000 Dollar
100 MW about 3.000.000 Dollar

As said before these prices are only rough estimations, you can make it for the half or for the double, depending on your automation and details of the line!


Mostly the installation should be included in the machinery prices. If not, you have to add this costs to your investment.


Sometimes offers are without packing. Than you have to make the packing by yourself. We suggest to calculate with 3-5% of the total costs of the machines for packing.


Normally transport costs are not included in the offers. The reason is simple: Every country will have a different price. If you want to calculate it, ask your deliverer for the total amount of 40 feet containers and ask a transport company to make an offer.

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The factory costs are not only the building but also:

- Land for the building
- Media supply

Especially the media supply have to be calculated very carefully! Some things that have to be in mind:

- Fire protection
- Compressed air
- Exhaust

Our suggestion ist to make a complete plan of the factory including all this information before making the investment plan.

Our tip: Better to rent a building in the beginning! You will safe costs and you will be much more flexible if you want to extend your building later.

Cost estimations:

Below we will give some ideas about the costs of a complete new building! This costs you will have if you want to buy the land and make the building completely new including all media supply.

Attention: Of course you have to make the calculation by yourself to get a reliable answer, tha following cots are based on German prices of land and construction:

5 MW: About 200.000 - 300.000 Dollar
30 MW: About 1.000.000 Dollar
100 MW: About 2.000.000 Dollar - 4.000.000 Dollar

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Pre Financing

You have to make a financing at the beginning of your production for the following things:

- First Material
- Ramp up losses

First material:

Begin starting production you need a stock of material to produce. You will have to buy this material first, make the panels with this material and than you are able to sell it to your customers. The time gap in between have to be financed. Depending on your payment conditions (down payment you get, credit you give to your costumers) this can be 1-3 month of your production capacity.

Ramp up losses:

You will not be able to start your production with 100 % capacity. The ramp up phase until you reach 90% of your capacity or more can last half a year and more.

Typical production capacities are:

2 % in first month
7 % in second month
17 % in third month

and so on.

You can imagine that in the first 3 month you will not make any profit. You will make a loss because of all the operation costs.


The costs for the beginning are not 100% linear to your production capacity. For a very small line you can make ramp up faster (less people to train) and you can make the material on stock much lower because small companies are producing mainly only for valid orders.

The bigger the capacity is, the more people you have to train and the longer the ramp up phase will be.

Also the stock has to be more because you will have times where you produce for stock and you will sell the panels later.

To give you an idea about the costs for the re financing you can take the following estimations:

5 MW: 100.000 Dollar - 200.000 Dollar
30 MW: 800.000 Dollar - 1.000.000 Dollar
100 MW: 3.000.000 Dollar - 5.000.000 Dollar


Total invest of your solar module production:

5 MW

Machines: 120.000 $
Factory: 250.000 $
Pre financing: 150.000 $

Sum: 520.000 $

30 MW

Machines: 1.000.000 $
Factory: 1.000.000 $
Pre financing: 900.000 $

Sum: 2.900.000 $

100 MW

Machines: 3.000.000 $
Factory: 3.000.000 $
Pre financing: 4.000.000a $

Sum: 10.000.000 $

Need Help? Want More Information?

We can help you to make a perfect business plan, just click the link below and get more informations about our paid offer

Need an offer for machines?

Contact us Now!

Read more about our turn key services 

  • Thank you for the information, but please I will like to ask, as someone who just want to start, which would you advice me to go for first. Should it be the 5MW, 30MW, 100MW

  • Please I need more explanation on how to start small company on the solar, please if possible a proposal for beingner. I will be happy if you can make one for me to use. I can translate the cost in compear with Nigeria price

  • I have seen the tutorial and come up with the idea that the ideal factory to start the project is a 30 W one.
    This will be able to satisfy the needs of the region and other counties where the national grid of electricity does not reach.

    • What is the best line will depend on:
      – Your budget
      – The size of your market
      – Your orders
      If you need help with it please contact us:

  • Good leads for investment planning thanks again guys. This will help us to make an analytic decision.

  • I think it will be helpfull for teaching for development project plan in our society

  • Assuming I start with 5MW, how long will it take ROI and also allow me progress to 30MW?

  • Very informative. I want to learn more before invest. If you share some more informative videos like production of cell, process guidelines etc. This could be helpful for us before taking any decision.

  • One more thing , as of my thinking i would like to become expert in solar cell before making decision. Like process , cost of material, machine electricity power, and some more details so we can calculate the cost of solar cell,

  • This have been my dream come true and here I’m, today. I am interested and ready to pit in my Best in it.
    Thank you very much

  • Hi, thank you for your kind information, we are from south India, we are ready to start the manufacturing, please send the details in indian money value, and send the photos of the machines, delivery to Chennai port.

  • What percentage is your component Investment for an automated Production? Sorry if I didn’t pick this up?

  • 1a) Is there availability of finance by any international financial institution in form of project finance
    b) Does your company have any financial arrangement with such an institution?Or can it be arranged? How?
    2) Is the 1st option (5MW) financially profitable and viable venture that can be scaled to 30MW, 100MW etc? In how many years?

  • what should be the size of facility where the production can be in a smooth process and also some storage area

  • Please do the pre financing includes raw materials needed for the factory?

  • Pen